Featured Gardens, Posts and News

Wowzer!  Now that is a good looking garden.  Excellent set up.

Posted by Joel Karsten

William Fleming Wow very nice, love the sb layout

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Don Lawson There are some incredible talented and committed SBGardeners... where was this picture taken...

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Join us for the upcomming CLUB CHAT Webinar on Monday, March 27, at 7pm Central time.  Click here to get registered for the webinar.

We are going to give you updates on activities, and talk about some of the most common questions we get this time of year.  Also we will open your mics and webcams so come prepared to share or ask questions.  I am looking forward to it.  See you all soon!

Posted by Joel Karsten

Top Five Mistakes Made by First Time Straw Bale Gardeners

Forgetting to properly “condition” the bales before planting. This is a common problem especially with gardeners who plan to just wing it, when preparing their bales for a Straw Bale Garden, and often that ends in disaster.  These gardens end up with yellowing or dying plants that fail to thrive and produce little bounty. It is important to understand the basic biology that happens inside a Straw Bale Garden. Foremost, it should be clear that plants will not grow in plain old straw, the straw inside the bale must begin to compost and become “soil” in order to provide nutrient molecules to the roots of new seedlings. Bacteria is the workhorse inside the bale and they work to covert the straw into compost or “soil.”  It takes a very large colony of bacteria to digest and metabolize all of the high carbon straw. Bacteria will reproduce or replicate themselves every 15 minutes if given the right conditions.  The right conditions include temperatures above 40-45 degrees minimum, and a nearby source of food and water.  The bacteria consume the nitrogen quickly.  We add nitrogen during the conditioning process in order to encourage colonization of the bale by bacteria. They grow quickly if the air temperatures are really warm, and the bales will actually heat up because of the rapid growth of bacteria inside the bale. If temperatures are not cooperating, covering the bales with black plastic can help speed the conditioning process, holding in heat and absorbing the suns radiant energy to increase the temperature underneath.  In addition to bacteria, other essential decomposers will help with this transition from straw to soil, and these include insects, worms, mold and fungi (mushrooms). The appearance of these organisms is a positive sign that the inside of the bale is composting as planned.

Over-watering the bales. Often this overwatering begins during the conditioning process. It is very important to not apply so much water during this time in an effort to work the nitrogen source into the bales, that the bacteria that have grown in the bales gets completely washed out or cooled off dramatically by the cold water.  It really takes much less water during conditioning than most first timers realize.  Spray only for a minute or two in an effort to work in the fertilizer, and then move on.  If your water is cold from the faucet in early spring, it works well to fill up a few buckets and use the water the following day, once it has warmed to air temperature. Use a gallon or so on each bale each day during conditioning, that is plenty if applied slowly and evenly over the surface.  If the fertilizer “crusts” up on top of the bale that is okay, it won’t hurt anything at all.  The bacteria will actually seek out the nitrogen when they need it, so they will literally move to the surface and get what they need.  Many Straw Bale Gardeners experiencing difficulty have contacted me in the past, and stated that “I’ve been watering my bales for two hours a day…and they just will not warm up!”  All that cold water would give most living things hypothermia or kill them, and bacteria are no different.  Cut back on the water and it is likely you will see quick improvement.  During the season the water requirements of bales will vary depending on the weather and the crop being grown.  When high water use plants get very large and the hot days of summer arrive, it is important to water more often.  Never for longer than a few minutes at most each time, but simply increasing how often the garden gets water will solve the problem.  Remember once a bale is saturated with water anything more you apply is simply going to run out the bottom and carry with it soluble nutrients, like nitrogen.  This means more fertilizer will need to be applied.  If a bale is never overwatered, it is likely that very little additional fertilizer will be required during the growing season.


Buying bales that have unharvested grain.  On occasion farmers will bale oats or wheat prior to harvesting the grain.  The intended use for this oat straw with the unharvested grain, is as a supplemental livestock food.  It is often fed to dairy cattle in smaller amounts to help prevent acute acidosis in the cows (if you already knew this then you probably grew up on a dairy farm like me.) While this straw might work well to keep cows healthy, it isn’t so great for Straw Bale Gardening, because the grain sprouts and makes the bales look like they have sprouted hair everywhere like a Chia Pet.  This makes for a bit of extra work for the Straw Bale Gardener, as those sprouts should be dealt with prior to planting the bale. Options for dealing with the sprouts are numerous.  Wrap the bale in black plastic, this will kill the sprouts for lack of sunlight, but it takes a while to work.  Kill the sprouts with the vinegar/soap/salt herbicide recipe I suggest in the book.  It is important to apply this on a warm day, and ideally to use a sponge mop to rub it on the leaves as the rubbing helps the salt scratch the waxy surface of the leaves, so the vinegar can do its work.  This leaves the bales smelling like a lovely salad for a day or two but will have no lingering effect on the bales or future plantings.  Another option is to pull the spouts, or cut them with a weed whip, or even better trim them off with a scissor, and make a wheat grass smoothie. Yes indeed… those little oat or wheat sprouts are perfectly edible. Personally I think the green juice the health nuts make from these tastes terrible, but each to their own.  Google it if you want more information. Once the sprouts are cut off, they don’t really have enough energy left in the seed to sprout another leaf, and they die back.


Dropping the defenses against the neighborhood livestock is a big mistake. Deer, rabbits, raccoons and squirrels are not going to stop coming to a garden just because you’ve decided to put the crops in bales this year.  They will still come, and you should prepare for war in advance.  I talk about the motion sensor sprinklers in the book, and they do work well, detecting movement in front of their sensors and squirting cold blasts of water at approaching trespassers.  The KEY with these is to put them up early in the season, before any planting has begun.  Once a deer knows the buffet is open, it is much harder to retrain them to take a different path around the garden.  As for Raccoons, they are difficult to outsmart.  Live traps may work once or twice, but after that they get smart.  Electric fencing wire can also be effective if put up early in the season. I’ve found that using fish emulsion in the bales is a real attractant to Raccoons.  The little bandits smell dead fish and come running to your garden, like a walleye fry attracts Norwegian farmers on Fridays during lent.  Avoid the fish emulsion if you have raccoons in the neighborhood.  Squirrels and rabbits are every gardener’s nightmare, they will climb over or dig under metal fences, or chew through plastic netting. I have found that having a dog is very helpful.  What they don’t know is that if our golden retriever Aspen ever actually catches one of them she may force them to play tag with her before she lets them go.  Several bloodmeal based granular powders are sold at the garden centers, sprinkle around the area and they do work, but rain tends to wash away their effectiveness after a little storm.  Capsaicin, the active component in hot peppers does a great job of deterring squirrels and rabbits from your garden.  Be careful to keep this hot capsaicin oil off of the foliage of plants you’d like to eat at some point (lettuce and spinach.) Rabbits can be deterred by forking them. Get a box of plastic forks and stick the handles into the top of the bales you’d like them to stay away from.  The theory is that the rabbit jumps up and gets forked and goes away.  Apparently this works good for seedbeds when the seedlings are very small.  The forks would also work well to hold up a tent of vegetable row cover cloth, which is ideal to keep small seedlings from drying out when they are first emerging, and to keep them from getting eaten.  Using the Straw Bale Garden greenhouse, described in my book is also extremely effective at keeping critters away from young plants.  Leave things covered at night, because the critters tend to attack at night.


Planting things too close together is a mistake made by many.  The most effective way to help solve this problem is to start out when planning a Straw Bale Garden, to keep a minimum of four feet between each row of bales.  Five or six feet is even better, if space permits, as the increased separation reduces crop shading and allows more sunlight to drive growth in the garden. Limiting bales to one climbing plant per bale, such as a tomato or cucumber, and filling in with other shorter crops or crops that will not compete for space on the trellis.  Even skipping a bale between those with climbing plants is a good idea.  It is very difficult to visualize how large the vines from a tomato, cucumber or acorn squash will be later on in the summer.  When filling in around transplants do it with seeds.  Wasting a few seeds that might get shaded out isn’t really a huge loss, maybe a few cents each.  On the other hand, if weeks of effort put into starting seeds in the basement under grow lights, is wasted when that transplant dies, that hurts.  If a shopping trip to a greenhouse is wasted by planting transplants in the shade of another plant, that will be an expensive lesson. Many people send images of gardens with overgrown thick vegetation that towers above rows of bales crowded too close to one another.   This crowding limits the production of each individual plant. In the long run these crowded plants give no more production than half of the same plants could have produced if they had been properly spaced.  Use a yard stick, and maintain recommended spacing suggested on the seed pack or plant tags.  In the long run, you will get the same amount of production, with less shading and fewer insect and disease issues.  The foliage will get better air circulation; the bales will stay more consistently moist; you will purchase fewer plants, and in the end you will harvest more vegetables. 

Watch out for these five common mistakes, avoid them, and your Straw Bale Garden will be an amazing success! For more detailed information on these topics and more order a copy of

“Straw Bale Gardens Complete.”

Posted by Joel Karsten

Another BASICS of the STRAW BALE GARDENS method Webinar is coming up again on Wednesday, March 8th.  Click here to get to the FORUM TOPIC inside where you can register at NO CHARGE.


Posted by Joel Karsten

A new video has been posted!

See "A Gardening Medley from Kearney New Jersey" in the sidebar on the left.  

How did Cambodian rice farmers react to a 6'4", 280 pound American guy trying to convince them to grow vegetables in Straw Bales?

Here are a few pictures from my trip to Cambodia this year.  It is key to understand a few key things about Cambodia and the issues they face in providing food for their population.  Cambodia is a very big producer of rice, it is grown in rice paddies all over the countryside.  The rice harvest is usually done in July/August and most farmers own and farm about 2.5 acres of land. Here is the problem, the floods come in September and stay for about three months or until later in November, during this time most of the country is under 10' of water, and thus growing anything during this time is traditionally impossible.  Once the flood water recedes then the drought comes and there is no rain for the next three months. No water to water crops that face 100+ degree temps every day during this time. There are few wells available, and most are not capable of irrigating a large area.

SOLUTION: The Korean Trade Partners who have a significant presence in Cambodia and provide much assistance to the agriculture industry in Cambodia, has created a plan to help individual farmers become more self-sufficient and their farms more sustainable.  The first step is to use a large backhoe to dig a large hole, deep, long and wide somewhere on the farmers 2.5 acre plot.  The excavated soil gets piled up to create an artificial plateau.  The soil excavated is not conducive to production of plants, it is heavy clay, and once packed down cannot easily be turned.  This plateau area provides a great location, above the flood water level, where the farmer can set up a straw bale garden.  Straw is plentiful, as rice produces a large amount of chaff after harvest.  The problem is they do not have mechanical balers, so they must make the bales by hand using a homemade baler.  Many of the poor farmers cannot read or write so in order to teach them the STRAW BALE GARDENS™ method it must be done in person, by example, so that is what we did.  The people from local Non-Governmental Organizations, as well as regional agriculture specialists from Cambodia were at the classroom presentations, and will go back and teach their local farmers the techniques.  The straw bale garden will allow the farmer to grow crops even during the flood period, especially since the straw bales are great at draining away excess moisture, so daily rainfall isn't a problem.  Crops thrive, including dietary necessities that until now they have relied upon outside government and other charitable organizations to provide.  Starches such as potatoes, squash, cucumbers, and other legumes like green beans and peas, and many other crops are now able to grow year around in the tropical climate of Cambodia.  When the dry season comes, those deep holes left by the backhoe are then filled with flood water and ground water that seeps in.  It is non-potable water, but can be used to irrigate crops, and this allows the straw bales to be watered even during the dry season and continue to produce.  


For those who cannot dig a deep hole, there is another great option and that is to build a garden that will float.  We have endeavored to build a large platform of bamboo or other material that is buoyant and will support the weight of a bale of straw which is also going to be soaked in water.  When the floods arrive the garden floats up with the flood water, then down again when the rains leave.  It is a simple way to use the plentiful supply of bamboo that surrounds them everywhere, to make these floating gardens.

FEEDING THE HUNGRY:  We have all heard it asked a million times "why can't we solve the problem of world hunger?" and the best answer most people arrive at is to send grain or food from one part of the planet to another.  Then those people with guns and power take the charitable gifts meant for the people, and divide them up to the hungry populations as they see fit, making those with guns even more powerful, and keeping the population under their thumbs. This solution, our solution, using a hole in the ground and the STRAW BALE GARDENS™ method, does the job so much better.  Allows individuals to feed themselves and keeps them from being at the mercy of others for food.

Above is a bale maker for making home made bales from loose straw.

This is the first row of a brand new Straw Bale Garden, that we set up at a local farmers property on top of his plateau.

Teaching a local farmer and his family exactly how to apply the fertilizer and water to condition the bales.

A few local farmers showing interest in how we are going to make homemade bales of rice straw.  Currently most straw is simply burned

and this creates many other issues that the government and environmentalists would like to change as well.

This is the bamboo floating garden buildt to go up with the floods and back down when the flood waters recede.

Here we are setting up the trellis above the bales so that vining crops have a place to climb.

A close up of the building of the bamboo platform that will float the bales for a straw bale garden that stays above the flood waters.

This is a larger straw bale garden set up near one of the Non-governmental organizations that is spearheading the project.

The farmers wife was also a willing participant in learning the STRAW BALE GARDENS™ method.  

Posted by Joel Karsten

William Fleming Great, Joel you did a fantastic job over in Cambodia, glad to see them carrying on with making straw bales from rice fields and able to grow veggies , and those bamboo floats look super great for their needs, maybe they will have the extra food they need to make life better for them.

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Don Lawson I was truly amazed and inspired reading Joel's account, challenges, solutions and experiences he encountered in Cambodia... Finding solutions to unique and extreme climates in order to grow healthy foods and sustainable gardening practises is so vital to the world and its environmental challenges... Joel you actions define the word - 'Mentor'... I am so proud to be a small part of the SBG family.

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I hope you enjoyed the webinar and learned something new! 

If you were not able to attend we will be holding another one in a few weeks. Look for an announcement on this website as well as an email. 

Let us know about your success stories. Send me your high resolution images of your garden, or videos we love those too, but use this link because email can be difficult for larger files. 

Best regards, 


Sena Goewey I'm excited to be a part of the group and looking forward learning great things! I'm currently reading Straw Bale Gardens Complete and we've just started conditioning 10 bales!

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William Fleming Great Webinar,, Joel Karsten,,, loved it good questions ans excellent answers you gave

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David Case I really enjoyed the webinar. I would love to see some photos from you trip. The rice bale gardens and the entire region you describe sounds fascinating. Makes you realize how lucky we are to live in such a prosperous country.

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Gordon Kacala For those of you planting potatoes don't be surprised if the bud vines come out the side of the bales.

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Dustin My wife and I have gardened for years. We lost our garden to flooding the last two years, and decided to move into a new area of our yard. Faced with having to build containers and haul in massive amounts of dirt to fill them, I stumbled across SBG. My neighbors think I'm out of my gourd for attempting this but, SBG made sense, so I went out and got 18 bales. We are excited about our 'new' garden this year!

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Doug Baxter Hi

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Doug Baxter hi plants in my garden look unfeed have been adding fertilizer still the same after month, had to pull 1 squash plant due to an infection of squash bugs could not control and noticed that I had a hole clear thru the straw bale about 6" in Dia. have been watering with a 2 mph emitter at the base of ea. plant ,could this be the problem with the malnutrition prob. and can I get the whole bale cooking again by putting a soaker hose on bales? ty Doug

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Joel Karsten Doug it really depends on how long you are running the irrigation. I normally suggest one minute per bale, so if you have ten bales, then water for ten minutes per application. Adjust the frequency of watering but never increase the duration of each application. Once a bale is soaked, the excess water simply runs out the bottom and carries nutrients out with it. Nitrogen and calcium are thus leached out, and the plants yellow quickly and do not perform well.

Upcoming "BASICS OF STRAW BALE GARDENING" Webinar registration

You may have noticed if you have visited the main website at or our Facebook page that I am once again going to be offering the "Basics of Straw Bale Gardening" webinars this spring.  You will notice however that I have instituted a $2 registration fee this spring, because last year we had a HUGE number of people who would register for it every week, but then never actually attend, and that blocked seats for others, and of course we must pay to host a webinar by the registrations, so it wasn't economical.  Because you are members of the club, I would like to make sure you have a chance to register for the webinar at no cost.  Click here to get to the registration link inside the forum behind the wall.

Posted by Joel Karsten

A video showing how to use old bales for next year.


Posted by William Fleming

Hello all this is William Fleming, I have done straw bale gardening going on my  forth year now, I live in North Arkansas, I made this video on how to use old bales more than one year, by building boxes around the bales from old wooden pallets,here is a video on how I did it, enjoy the video, if you have questions just ask me, I will get back to you

Posted by William Fleming

Paul Corcoran Very cool idea William and it looks good as well! I suppose you can keep topping it off with old straw every year and have a great way to use your old composted straw. I build homemade bales last year and the plants did great!

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This was our third year doing a straw bale garden and decided to try sweet potatoes!! I had read that sweet potato's need very warm growing conditions and are usually grown in the south but could be grown in the north if the ground was covered with plastic or something to keep the roots warm.  I did 10 bales with 2 plants per bale and ran a single soaker hose down the middle.  I then covered the entire row of bales with black plastic and tucked the plastic under the bottom edges of the bales.  I just cut a slit in the plastic where i wanted to put a sweet potatoes plant.  Sorry, I do not have any pics of the bales with plastic.  By mid summer all the bales were covered with sweet potato vines.  We really weren't sure when to harvest but we took the plastic off the bales right before the first frost and had quite a surprise.  We ended up with 68 lbs of Beauregard sweet potato's !!!!!!!!!

Posted by Tom Reay

Did you get a late start planting your garden? So did we. This garden didn't get planted until June 20 in Minnesota. And then the deer came through before we could could get a fence up so most everything had to be replanted except for the tomatoes, zucchini, and egg plant. The deer left 3 stems with 4 leaves on the butter nut squash so I thought it might recover. Look at it now! Planted to the left of the zucchini on the far right side of the front row it's now grown to the top of the trellis and spiraling down the top rail. This picture was taken August 26. Members may recognize the garden from some of the recent videos on conditioning. 

This is my first summer trying the SBG method.  I planted late (May 31) because I did not discover this method earlier in the spring.  I planted tomatoes, bell peppers, watermelons, and strawberries in a 9 bale set up.  I have basically lost the battle to whiteflies and caterpillars, so I never got any tomatoes or strawberries, the watermelon plant no longer has any leaves on it, but I am getting a few peppers.

I don't want to give up just yet, and would like to plant broccoli and spinach for this fall.  So, my question is can I plant a fall crop in my existing bales (after pulling tomato & pepper plants), or do I need to buy new bales and start conditioning them?  I live in Mississippi and my neighbors who are traditional (in-ground) gardeners are telling me that it is time to start planting fall crops.

Please let me know how I should proceed.


Posted by Lana Foster


Paul Corcoran My new favorite tomato - a Black Brandy Wine heirloom variety. Bought the plant at the Minneapolis Farmers Market mid-June and just getting these coming in now. One of the most delicious tomatoes I have ever had. And it has a beautiful deep purple color to the seed which this picture probably doesn't do justice. Will definitely be saving seeds for next year. Is there any better way to garden than straw bale gardening?

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William Fleming Wow Paul C,, those look good and delicious, love the color,

Opened my first bale of potatoes today and disappointed. Although 80 % of the bales are doing well, harvested only 5 lbs of potatoes from the first bale. Bale seemed pretty wet, although we did have a heavy rain this a.m. Any observations, suggestions. 

Posted by Gordon Kacala

Got a late start and didn't get this part of my garden planted until June 9 in Minnesota. But look at how the cucumbers and peppers are doing after just 3 weeks and 3 days. Wow! These are in homemade bales which are doing fantastic! The first photo are hot banana peppers doing wonderful. Now I'll just have to figure out what I can do with them :)


And I can count 7 sweet banana peppers just in this photo on the plant next to it.

This is my first year growing cucumbers and after 3 weeks I can't believe how prolific these things grow. The plant has grown from just a 4 inch tall plant in a peat pot to over 3 feet tall today. The cucumbers seem to be growing an inch or two a day. 

Posted by Paul Corcoran

William Fleming Looking good Paul Corcoran,, garden looking great

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I love my straw bale garden. It is the best garden I have ever had. Worry free, almost. I do have to keep an eye on the squash bugs. Hardly any weeding needs to be done. I went away for two weeks in May and everything thrived while I was gone thanks to the soaker hoses and timer. I have 20 bales and have enclosed them in cinder blocks. 

Posted by Lodi Kysor

Bobby R Ollar Could you explain the plastic forks?

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Tip for planting annuals

David Case

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Has anyone had success growing blueberries in straw bales? Any tips? 

Posted by Liza

Hello, Straw Bale Garden Club! This weekend, before I planted my garden, my husband designed an irrigation system that works beautifully. Used a soaker hose pressure regulator and a filter. This took some extra time, but it's worth the effort! The timer is set for 15 minutes every morning, and so far so good. The bales are covered in plastic and I am just going out once a day for a few minutes to check on everything :-).

Posted by Jana Janosik

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